Why Usain Bolt is so fast? fascinating explanations show that it can not be beat

usain bolt athlete 0816 400x800 3Cameron Spencer / Getty Images

Three Olympics, three gold medals. It is not today that the Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt It is considered the best runner in the world.

He has reached the maximum mark that a human being can reach: 45 km / h in the tests of 100 meters.

Does this guy is not from another planet? Although extraordinary, science explains Bolt reason to be so fast.

Speed ​​Bolt

usain bolt athlete 0816 400x800 2Cameron Spencer / Getty Images

Three Olympics, three gold medals. It is not today that the Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt It is considered the best runner in the world.

He has reached the maximum mark that a human being can reach: 45 km / h in the tests of 100 meters.

Does this guy is not from another planet? Although extraordinary, science explains Bolt reason to be so fast.

Speed ​​Bolt

If you've ever watched any athletic contest with Bolt, already looked for the way he jumps. The long strides he gives the place ahead of all athletes.

To complete a proof of 100 meters, sprinters amateurs give 50-55 steps to the finish line. A professional racer gives an average of 45 steps.

And Bolt? Usually needs 41 steps before the expected trip to the podium.

usain bolt olympic 0816 3 400x933Patrick Smith / Getty Images

This is because the athletes have more buoyancy. Your muscle fibers They have fast twitch: so are stronger, powerful and fast.

A proof of 100 meters, in which the initial explosion has enough muscles with this feature give more advantage to the Olympian.

Crouch to run

Early in the test, remain squatted is a way to exert horizontal force to push the body forward.

In an interview with BBC Radio 4, John Brewer, a specialist in sports health at the University of St. Mary's (England), explained:

"At this stage they get up, but not to the fullest. Many do not bother to breathe, as this would make them slower. And this high intensity oxygen does not matter. He created a high percentage of anaerobic energy, which results in lack of oxygen. So we see that he, like the other athletes, breathe deeply. "

Why great runners come from Jamaica?

Usain Bolt was expected to reach incredible marks on the Rio Olympics, but another athlete has matched him in athletics. It is also the medalist Elaine Thompson, that, like Bolt, is Jamaican.

elaine thompson Olympics 0816 400x950Patrick Smith / Getty Images

This is because the athletes have more buoyancy. Your muscle fibers They have fast twitch: so are stronger, powerful and fast.

A proof of 100 meters, in which the initial explosion has enough muscles with this feature give more advantage to the Olympian.

Crouch to run

Early in the test, remain squatted is a way to exert horizontal force to push the body forward.

In an interview with BBC Radio 4, John Brewer, a specialist in sports health at the University of St. Mary's (England), explained:

"At this stage they get up, but not to the fullest. Many do not bother to breathe, as this would make them slower. And this high intensity oxygen does not matter. He created a high percentage of anaerobic energy, which results in lack of oxygen. So we see that he, like the other athletes, breathe deeply. "

Why great runners come from Jamaica?

Usain Bolt was expected to reach incredible marks on the Rio Olympics, but another athlete has matched him in athletics. It is also the medalist Elaine Thompson, that, like Bolt, is Jamaican.

The fact that the two get along so well in these tests is not quite a coincidence.

A 2010 study examined the genetics of runners from Jamaica compared to other places in the world.

Much of the Jamaican sprinters have success in this kind of sport because of a gene strongly associated with the explosion of racing.

This gene is responsible for ensuring better heart rate at high speeds, facilitating the flow of oxygen to the muscles, which do not lose strength so easily.

Jamaican athletes are more likely to have this gene, followed by African (the western region). So do not be surprised to see the table of faster athletes of all time, they are all black from Jamaica, United States, Canada and Nigeria.

Doping Usain Bolt?

usain bolt olympics 0816 400x800Shaun Botterill / Getty Images

Jamaican athletes are celebrated in your country as true stars. Therefore, there is a large investment in this sport.

But some previous editions of the Olympics made it clear that they need to work better surveillance. In London edition, for example, some athletes have just failed in doping tests, leading many athletes and journalists to question whether Bolt would not be one of them.

Journalist Richard Moore investigated the way to Jamaica 'produces' great athletes in the book "The Bolt Supremacy: Inside Jamaica's Sprint Factory" (free translation: "The Ultimate Bolt: Inside the Jamaican Runners Factory" without Brazilian version ).

After talking with several Jamaican technicians know the Bolt family, follow collective, understand how the sprinters face the reason of living in so conducive to high performance athletes country, Moore came to the conclusion that, as it does not look anything human a guy as Bolt run both running, everything is part of hard training, great genetics and a natural talent.

Curiosity: Which countries took more gold medals in the Olympics?


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