According to the gynecologist and obstetrician Jorge Rezende Filho, head of Obstetrics Sector Health House Santa Lucia, in Rio de Janeiro, about 20% of couples in the world have some kind of difficulty becoming pregnant. He says that, in general, 40% of cases affect women, 40% men, 10% are attributed to both and about 10% have no apparent cause.
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In women, the factors that cause infertility most often they are: ovulatory changes, endometriosis, fibroids or blockage of the tubes. Already in man, the decrease in sperm rates or erectile dysfunction may be the cause of infertility. "There are several treatments to conceive. The important thing is to know the history of the couple to have an accurate diagnosis before moving on to more complex steps and emotional costs and greater financial, "says the doctor. It lists some signs that show whether the woman may or may not fertility problems.
How to know if the woman can get pregnant
Infertile women may resort to treatments to get pregnant (Credit: Thinkstock)
1 - If your menstrual cycle is regular and occurs regularly every 28 - 30 days it means that you probably have the sex hormones in normal and are ovulating activity.
2 - The age group between 20 and 34 years is consistent with good ovarian reserve of follicles, for over 35 years, and there is a gradual decrease of this reserve, there is also a higher percentage to generate a baby with chromosomal abnormalities.
3 - The active sex life provides increased ability to fertilize, especially when it occurs about 14 days after the onset of menstruation. In this condition, the fertile couple is likely to become pregnant around 20% every month.
4 - Physiological changes in the premenstrual period, such as breast enlargement, some cramping and bloating the body, are compatible with high possibility of ovulatory cycles and hormonally balanced.
5 - Display very strong menstrual cramps may be indirectly related to endometriosis, a disease that causes infertility.
6 - Pelvic pain may also often be indicative of some condition in the abdominal cavity from adhesions to inflammation of the fallopian tubes, thereby generating infertility.
7 - Excess body weight or underweight can lead to hormonal disturbances and hamper the process of ovulation. Who is obese, increased or lost more than 30% of weight in the last 12 months should stay alert.
8 - abdominopelvianas specific surgeries can lead to formation of adhesions in the tubes and cause infertility.
9 - Certain lifestyles and addictions such as smoking or alcoholism, can hinder fertility in both men and women.
10 - If the couple has active sex life without the use of contraceptive methods and can not get pregnant within one year, is determined the presence of infertility caused by female and / or male factor.
signs of infertility
Difficulty becoming pregnant is a problem that affects about 20% of couples worldwide.
ovulatory changes, endometriosis and fibroids are some of the factors that prevent women from getting pregnant.
Already the main factors that prevent men from having children are erectile dysfunction or decreased sperm rates.
Women over 35 have decline in ovarian reserve, reducing the chances of a natural pregnancy.
If in the period a year trying to conceive the couple can not, it's time to see a doctor to seek treatment for infertility.
There are several treatments that can allow the couple can have children.