Took and found that I'm with HPV: It is natural to have doubts and fears at the moment, so it's important to learn well about the real risks and possibilities of treatment. The gynecologist and obstetrician Thalia Reis, which operates in Rio de Janeiro, answers the main questions that patients have at this time.
HPV: what it is, symptoms and how to treat
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Questions about HPV
What is HPV?
The human papillomavirus is a virus that lives on the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Usually manifests itself in the genital area (vulva, vagina and penis) and anus, mouth and throat and cervix. It is not known how long the virus can remain in the body without symptoms and in many cases, never has.
Important: Warts on the genitals are not always indicative of HPV. Ideally, to notice this symptom, you see your doctor for an examination and get an accurate diagnosis along with appropriate treatment to the frame.
It is transmitted in sex?
The main route of transmission is sexual, both in penetration and in unprotected oral sex. However, it is possible that the virus is transmitted from mother to child at birth. Other modes of transmission have been studied.
It is severe?
The lesions may be at high risk, with the potential to develop cancers (especially of the cervix, penis and anus) or low risk, showing no relationship with any type of cancer. Anyway, with treatment and medical monitoring, hardly the virus discovered in early stage will evolve into a more serious condition.
ThinkstockNa most cases, frame has complete resolution within 12 to 18 months; if treated, rarely progresses to cancer
It is cured?
The degree of infectivity varies according to the amount of damage, the patient's age and strength. Studies have shown that the disease regresses in 25% of cases (i.e., is naturally removed by the body) and persists in 60% (ie, relapses, and to reapply the treatment). In 14% of cases, it progresses (which may progress to cancer).
However, in most cases, the virus is completely eliminated in the course of 12 to 18 months.
How is the treatment?
The first step after the HPV is diagnosed to be aware that you must always keep the gynecological monitoring and follow all the guidelines. It is important to remember that, with treatment, most cases have complete resolution.
Treatment depends on the type of infection appear. For patients who had an abnormal Pap smear, but have no apparent injuries and had normal results on colposcopy, conduct is only preventive, with exams every 3 to 6 months.
In the case of the presence of warts, the main treatment is the chemical cauterizing and colposcopy. In some cases, a biopsy is needed.
In the later frames, the removal of injury by surgery is required.
What risks I run?
It is important to note that a large percentage of the sexually active population has had contact with this agent, which, in most cases, causes no symptoms. However, in a much smaller contingent, the virus develops into cancer. It is essential to preventive monitoring annually to track these possible changes, which are easily treatable if diagnosed early.
ThinkstockAo notice warts that may be indicative of HPV, the guidance is to stop sexual activity and seek a specialist for advice
How HPV will affect my sex life?
From the time when the patient notices the lesion is diagnosed with HPV or, should remain in sexual abstinence until evaluated by a professional. He is the one who will tell you when you can resume sexual activities normally, which will depend on the treatment.
If you have a steady partner, you need to make you aware of the diagnosis, as it should also receive treatment.
In the case of future partners, is the patient's discretion whether or not to inform about the presence of the virus. The contamination occurs by contact of the injury to the skin or mucosa.
Condom use, both as penetration practice of oral sex, it is the most effective way to avoid contamination. Although not completely protect against infection, since the injury may be at the base of the penis, groin, etc., it significantly reduces the risk.
Can I get pregnant?
The presence of HPV alone does not prevent or contraindication to pregnancy. Ideally, the patient treat injuries before becoming pregnant. You can pass the virus to her baby at birth, and it will be up to the doctor to evaluate the possibility of treatment and natural childbirth indication or not.
Dra. Thalia Reis - gynecologist and obstetrician (RJ)
E-mail: http: //[email protected]
Instagram: @ dra.thaliareis