sexually transmitted disease, HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) can cause more than 100 kinds of infections and among them is the cervical cancer, third type of cancer that affects more women behind the colon and rectum and breast. But the vaccine that fights the virus already exists and is now part of SUS.
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How To Prevent HPV
In addition to the use of condoms, which is the best measure to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, there are two types of vaccines for HPV that fight viruses and prevent disease. The first is the divalent viruses which serves to 16:18; and the second is the quadrivalent, further including the type 6 or 11.
Who can take
Previously available only for high values in private clinics, now the vaccines are part of SUS health calendar. The free vaccinations will be made in girls aged 9 to 13 years. The Minister of Health said that pre-teens are being prioritized for this is the risk group that presents major positive results. "This is the age group in which the HPV vaccine is the best answer. At this stage, the pre-teen girl who get the vaccine will generate more antibodies to protect against cervical cancer"He said.
However, those that do not fall in the group that will receive the HPV vaccine for free They may choose to pay. The application can be done in private clinics and hospitals and the price ranges from $ 200.00 to R $ 400.00 each dose.
How to take the NHS HPV vaccine
Girls between 11 and 13 years will be vaccinated this year (Credit: Thinkstock)
THE HPV vaccine It came to be applied by SUS from March 10, 2014 in girls between 11 and 13 years. The information is from the Ministry of Health, which also states that: "the goal is to vaccinate 80% of the target audience of 5.2 million girls".
The program was divided into three stages. In the first, girls were vaccinated between the ages of 11 and 13. In 2015, the program provides for the immunization of pre-adolescents between 9 and 11 years. In the third and final phase, vaccination reaches girls 9 years.
According to the Ministry of Health, vaccination is divided into three doses. The second being applied after six months of the first and the third, five years later.
To take the HPV vaccine is only going to a public health system with card-vaccination and identification.
HPV vaccine in schools
In addition to the health centers, the HPV vaccine may also be made available in schools. The partnership should happen to the state and municipal education. "Worldwide experience shows that when combined vaccination with the school environment, are achieved greater coverage", Said Padilha.