One of the Common problems during pregnancy It is the development of inflammation of the gums, gingivitis call, which occurs due to hormonal changes at this stage. According to the dentist Mario Groisman, Brazilian Academy of Dentistry and a member of the American Academy of Periodontology, the problem affects almost 50% of pregnant women. But before seeking treatment, we need to know what dental procedures are or are not released during pregnancy.
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Causes and symptoms of gingivitis
Gum disease is caused directly by the plate, viscous, colorless film of bacteria that forms constantly on the teeth and gums. "In the initial stage the damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue in the bone to insert teeth have not yet been achieved. But if there is no treatment of gingivitis, it can develop into periodontitis, which can lead to permanent damage to teeth"He explains.
The most common symptoms of gingivitis are redness, swelling and tenderness, and may bleed during brushing. Another symptom is the retraction of the gums, leaving teeth with an elongated appearance.
Treatment of gingivitis
when Gingivitis in pregnancy is caused by plaque, professional cleaning is necessary. But if it is only caused by hormonal causes, only brushing and flossing after meals is enough. "Only the dentist can identify the cause, so it is necessary to go to an appointment"He says.
If pregnancy is planned, a preventive consultation before pregnancy is indicated. If this is not possible, the best time for treatment is the second quarter, between the fourth and sixth month. This is because in the first trimester the baby is forming and should avoid the use of drugs. And in the third quarter, the mother is a greater anxiety over the approaching birth. "The treatment of gingivitis in pregnancy consists of dental cleanings in the office dentist and maintain a correct oral hygiene on a daily basis, which also helps prevent".